Islamic Bonds: Sukuk, its introduction and application

An very brief and informative paper on Sukuk (Islamic Bonds).

Recent innovations in Islamic finance have changed the dynamics of the Islamic finance industry. Specially in the area of bonds and securities the use of Sukuk or Islamic securities have become increasingly popular in the last few years, both as a means of raising government finance through sovereign issues, and as a way of companies obtaining funding through the offer of corporate sukuk. Beginning modestly in 2000 with total three sukuk worth $336 millions the total number sukuk by the end of 2006 has reached to 77 with over US$ 27 billion funds under management. By the end of 2007 the total figure is expected to exceed US$35 billion.

Sukuk has developed as one of the most significant mechanisms for raising finance in the international capital markets through Islamically acceptable structures. Multinational corporations, sovereign bodies, state corporations and financial institutions use international sukuk issuance as an alternative to syndicated financing.

What are sukuk? how are they structured? and how they are different from the conventional bond and the conventional securitization processes is discussed in this paper in some detail.

The paper goes in different types of sukuk (Musharaka, Mudaraba, Ijara, Murabaha, Salam, Istisna, hybrid)

Read the full paper on Konsultasi Muamalat.